Boss battles are important. They represent the culmination of a game’s story and all the mechanics the player has learned throughout the adventure. Nintendo is no stranger to using boss fights to serve as both tests of player progression and to end games with a bang. However, what is it that makes Nintendo’s boss fights so compelling? Whether it’s the build-up to the fight, tried and true mechanics like the “Rule of Three,” or even a fantastic presentation, Nintendo’s boss fights can often represent some of the best moments of its games. While not all examples of Nintendo bosses are consistently fantastic, most of them are memorable, and it’s not hard to understand why.
Building up to a Nintendo boss fight
The build-up to a boss can be just as fun as the boss itself. Nintendo has a habit of making its villains well known to the player long before any fight occurs. Bowser often kidnaps Princess Peach at the start of any given Super Mario title, and I doubt any fans of The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time could forget seeing Ganondorf from Princess Zelda’s courtyard for the first time. By introducing these foes early on, the games have ample time to justify why you should want to fight them and the threat they pose. The impact of Ganon’s actions on the Gerudo clan and Hyrule at large is felt in games like Ocarina of Time and The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild, and King K. Rool often appears to steal important possessions away from Donkey Kong in the Donkey Kong Country series.
In some cases, Nintendo games can build up a rivalry between the player and the final boss through repeated encounters. The Phantom Ganon boss fight in Ocarina of Time serves as an appetizer before the main event to occur later on, and similarly, Super Mario Odyssey lets players take on Bowser in the Cloud Kingdom long before the climax. By building up the anticipation to these fateful encounters, either narratively or through prior gameplay moments, Nintendo often makes certain that the final boss battles feel like the special events they should be and that the player is both ready and motivated to take on the challenge.
Designed to be fun
Nintendo’s bosses are designed with multiple purposes in mind. A boss could take the role of an important story beat, like Ganondorf in The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker. Alternatively, a boss could act as an exam to make sure the player has mastered the mechanics necessary for the next section of the game, like Zelda dungeon bosses that must be taken down with the new gadget their dungeon introduces.
In gameplay, Nintendo bosses are often considered easy, but this comes down to Nintendo’s design philosophies that aim to make them both accessible and enjoyable. Factors like identifiable weak spots are a mainstay in Nintendo titles, including jumping on an enemy’s head (e.g., most bosses in the Super Mario Bros. series). By drilling this idea into players throughout its games, Nintendo has established that it’s almost always something players consider for a new boss encounter.
Telegraphed movements make it easy to anticipate specific attacks, and the Rule of Three concept gives players a natural understanding of how far they’ve progressed during a boss fight. In this case, the Rule of Three refers to when the player must perform an action three times to earn victory. Most Nintendo bosses abide by this rule, such as throwing Bowser into bombs three times to beat him in Super Mario 64.
Nintendo isn’t designing bosses to be easy but to be inherently fair and learnable so that frustration from a lack of understanding is minimized and players can have fun. These design decisions make bosses understandable, but they become truly special with some added twists. Bosses with multiple phases change their form and attack pattern as the fight continues, giving the player both a visual sign of progression and keeping them on their toes so that they can’t rely on the same strategy throughout.
In Super Metroid, Mother Brain starts with the same attack patterns as her previous iteration but transitions to a second phase where she can walk and fire lasers at Samus. Bosses that subvert expectations also stand out, such as Shadow Link from Zelda II: The Adventure of Link or Metroid Prime from Metroid Prime, which both use the player’s own moves against them.
On paper, these concepts seem simple enough, but together, they explain why Nintendo’s bosses have stood the test of time. Bosses that can be creative, challenging, and readable ensure that the player will always gain an understanding of their objective and their own progression, making the battle fair and fun.
It’s all in the presentation
While not strictly related to the fight itself, the presentation surrounding a boss battle can dramatically enhance its overall impact. Ascending the Castlevania-esque Hyrule Castle to find Ganondorf playing his own theme music in Ocarina of Time is nothing less than a perfect mood-setter every time you see it. In Super Mario Odyssey, the final encounter with Bowser takes advantage of the wedding that had been teased the entire game to start the fight in a wedding chapel. Perhaps the best example of how important a setting can be is with the end of Pokémon Gold and Silver, which places the player in the original Kanto region from Pokémon Red and Blue and challenges them to fight the protagonist from those games.
Another tangential element that makes these confrontations so memorable is the often-fantastic music involved. The hype-inducing metal “Baby Bowser” theme from the final boss of Super Mario World 2: Yoshi’s Island is arguably grander than the stakes of the battle itself. “I Am Octavio” from Splatoon makes it hard to not stop and dance, while “Mother Brain” from Super Metroid takes what is already a fight the player is dreading and makes it even more intimidating. The final Calamity Ganon fight in Breath of the Wild may have been disappointing for series veterans, but I’m sure they all appreciated hearing “Dark Beast Ganon Battle” remix the main Zelda theme with Ganon’s theme and make full use of the orchestra used sparingly throughout the game.
Whether it’s the visuals of the environment or the right music to set the tone, Nintendo has shown time and time again that it can nail the presentation and atmosphere of a boss fight like few others.
What are your favorite things about Nintendo boss battles?